Many consumers understandably choose to use titanium dioxide and zinc oxide as their preference for sunscreen filters.
Titanium dioxide or zinc oxide have been used for many years in combination with chemical sunscreens to enhance protection level in the longer UVA range (370 nm). Unlike chemical sunscreens, titanium dioxide and zinc oxide work by reflecting and diffusing UVR. Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are hard to disperse and also leave the skin looking white on the skin, which is very undesirable. As a consequence of this the minerals were ground into a finer particle size and micronized.
Micronized Zinc Oxide and Titanium dioxide are the types used when the sunscreen does not leave the skin white and it is almost transparent. Micronized zinc and titanium undergo a chemical surface treatment to stop them clumping. What is not well known however is that the process of micronization leads to changes in the sun protective properties of titanium dioxide. The smallest particle shifts its protection from the longer UVA towards the UBV range.
Exfoliating our skin can become an addiction. Your skin feels so much smoother and softer after you exfoliate, because of this many people think that if a little is good then a lot of exfoliation must be better. Over exfoliation however can cause some serious damage to your skin and can predispose you to premature aging and also to developing an overly sensitive and reactive skin.
The signs that you are giving your skin too much exfoliation:
- areas of patchiness and dryness
- redness and itchiness
- increased sensitivity
- inflammatory acne
- burning sensation
Acne skins are one of the skins that definitely need exfoliation more often. It does however need to be gentle. The worst thing you can do for an acne skin is dry it out and dehydrate it. Dehydration will make lesions hang around for longer and delay healing.
Enzymes don’t harm the skin and will not eat living cells. Chemical Peels on the other hand can damage your skin barrier. Peels over 8% will actually disrupt your skin barrier making it more sensitive and heal less effectively. The exception to this is Salicylic Acid Peels which are safe.
Peels also create inflammation in the skin which we want to avoid. Inflammation in an acneic skin makes it worse and in older skin creates a condition called “Inflamm-ageing”. It is aging of the skin due to inflammation and the effects it has on collagen and elastin. Facial cleansing brushes can damage the skin as well due to manual exfoliation which can harm living cells.
We recommend using our Papaya Radiance Peel and Sulfur Mask for exfoliating. These both contain enzymes which will not harm your skin.
Breaking out isn't something you should always experience but in some instances you will. Often with breakouts acne sufferers don't realise that lesions under the skin are pre existing. All acne starts with what is called a "micro-comedone" and they are invisible to the naked eye.
We are often asked why Skin Detox causes purging. I want you to think of it like constipation, as gross as it may sound. There is only one way for it to come out, it won't just disappear. We consider Skin Detox a laxative for the skin. The breakout doesn't usually last more than 4 weeks.
Vitamin A and Botanical Vitamin A alternatives cause an increase in exfoliation in the skin. Now if you have dead skin cells at the top of the pore and you suddenly increase exfoliation what happens is a breakout.
Some skins take time to adapt to the introduction of Vitamin A. The reaction you have is called a Retinoid reaction which may appear as:
- pink skin and slight flaking
- mild breakouts
- small red pimples that are itchy (worst case scenario)
Comedogenic products take time to cause breakouts. This is not purging, if you are using something comedogenic then the breakouts will continue. It can take 6 months after discontinuing a comedogenic product for the breakouts to clear.
Katie Tilson is a fully qualified Beauty Therapist passionate about skin health and dedicated to ongoing training and education to ensure you receive superior skin treatments.